Confident that our effort to please will fully meet the appro- bation of the public, we are. CHAPTER III— ORGANIZATION OF FRANKLIN COUNTY — — 77 Organization of First Counties in Indiana — Purchases of Indian Lands — Twelve-Mile Purchase — Legislative Act Establishing Franklin County — The County Seat — Change of County Territorial Limits — Population of Decades —The First Year of Statehood — Election of 1816 — Court Procedure Under Constitution of 1816— First Circuit Court — First Grand Jury — A Quartet of Pugilistic Lawyers — First Board of Commissioners — First Townships De - fined—Constitutional Conventions of 18— L and Entr ie s of Frank- lin County in the Ohio Survey — Tax Duplicate of 1811. and Entries 124 Mills 125 Naming of 122 Officers 127 Organization 122 Physical Features 124 Schools 125 Settlement 124 Pound Keepers 243 Precious Metals 24 Presbyt? Franklin county secured its present territorial limits as a result of three separate legislative acts.
is solely due to the person for whom the sketch was prepared. Digitized by Cj OOq Ic CONTENTS CHAI'TKR I— RELATED STATE HISTORY — 33 First White Men in Northwest Territory — English and French Claims — Three Successive Sovereign Flags Over Present Indiana Territory — Passing of the Indians — Rattle of Fallen Timbers — Northwest Territory — Early Set - tlements—Activities of the Traders — French and Indian War — Pontiac's Conspiracy — Northwest Territory and Quebec Act — Revolutionary Period — George Rogers Clark and His Campaign — First Surveys and Early Set- tlers — Ordinance of 1787 — First Stage of Government under the Ordinance — Second Stage — Organization of the Northwest Territory — Representative Stage of Government — First Counties Organized — First Territorial Legis - lature of Northwest Territory — Division of 1800 — Census of Northwest Ter- ritory in 1H0O — Settlements in Indiana Territory in 1800 — First Stage of Ter- ritorial Government — Changes in Boundary Lines of Indiana — Second Stage of Territorial Government — The Legislative Council — The First Gen- eral Assemblies — Congressional Delegates of Indiana Territory — Efforts to Establish Slavery in Indiana — The Indian Lands — Organization of Counties — Changes in the Constitution of Indiana — Capitals of Northwest Territory and Indiana — Military History of State — Political History — Governors of Indiana — A Century of Growth — Natural Resources. 63 Report of State Geologist — Prefatory — Farm Statistics — Standing Timber — Physiography and Geology — Soils — Their Areas — Miami Silt Foam — Limestone Slope Clay Loam — Huntington Loam — Hamburg Loam — Ancient Earthworks — Blue Limestone Region — Drift Deposit — Bowlders — Terraces — Mineral Springs — Precious Metals — Salt in the County — Building Ma - terials. 44 Posey Township — Area 122 Assessor's Returns 2ft7 Boundaries _ 122 Churches _ 455 First Events 125 I. 179, 531 Somerset Township 192 South Gate 153, 531 Spanish-American War, Franklin County in 319 Spanish-American War, Indiana in, 56 Springfield Academy 392 Springfield Township- Assessor's Returns 262 Churches 440 Draft of 1862 309 Events of Interest 144 Location 142 Mills 145 Officers 142 Population 142 Settlement 143 Streams 143 State Benevolent Institutions 61 State House, the 54 State Geologist's Report 63 State History 33 State Internal Improvements 52 State Military History 55_ State Political History 57 Statehood, First Year of 81 Statistics 63 Stips' Hill 172, 124 Stoops, David 114 Stories of Indians 544 Streams 112. Scores of Indiana counties have had difficulty in getting the county seat located, but Franklin county has never e\|erienced any trouble along this line.
Whatever merit this history may possess is largely due to the kindly assistance of those people of the community who are proud of their county's history and have a sincere desire to see it preserved. 1811, the tract of country falling within the southern division thereof shall be known and designated as the county of Franklin, and the northern division thereof shall be known and designated by the name and style of the county of Wayne. That tor the pur|xse of fixing the permanent seat of justice in and for the said county of Franklin. David Hover and Elijah Sparks be and they are hereby appointed commissioners whose duty it shall be to convene at the town of Brookville. However, the county is fortunate in having a file of newspapers running back for nearly eighty years, and these proved to be of inestimable value to the historian in getting first-hand information. Ottis Adams — The Shirk Family — Educators — Marie Louisa Chitwood — Elizabeth Conwell Smith Willson — Ida Hustcd Harper — • Other Prominent Women. 428 Blooming Grove Township — 138 Assessor's Returns 267 Churches 433 138 Natural Features 139 139 142 139 139 Blue Creek Canal __ - - 249 RIhp l imestone _ _ 72 Board of Justices 233 73 Boundaries, Original, of County 78 Boundary Changes. 1913 268 Ranks _ __ _____ _ 323 196 248 225 Centennial Celebration 227 Churches 419. 522 Postoffice 222 School Teachers 406 Schools __375. 46Z Interesting Events 136 Draft of 1862 308 Natural Features 134 Butler Township- Mills 136 Officers _ 138 Population 132 Settlement — 134 Butler's Run 522 C California Fever ]_8Q Canals 248 Capitals of Northwest Territory and of Indiana 54 Capitol Building, State 54 Carolina Settlement 157 Catholic Churches , 462 Catholic Knights of America 4Z4 Catholic Order of Foresters 422 Cedar Grove — Assessor's Returns 268 Business Interests 151 Canal Interests 153 Churches 152, 4ZZ Incorporation 153 Physicians 269 Platting 152 Postmasters HA Cemeteries 225 Census of Northwest Territory 44 Census Statistics 81 Century of Growth, A 52 Ceylon 522 Changes in State Constitution 52 Children's Home 134 Chitwood, Marie Louisa 559 Christian Churches 448 Churches of Franklin County 413 Circuit Court. 82, 235 Circuit Judges 244 Civil War, Franklin County in 222 Civil War, Indiana in the. Common Pleas Court —232, 234 Congressional Delegates, Territorial 42 Connersville 522 Connersville Township 110, 121 Constitution, State, Changes in_.52. _ 49 Dentists 2Z3 Description of Soils 64 Distilleries 182, 205 Division of 1800 44 Doctors 269 Domestic Science Club 252 Draft of 1862 208 Drewersburg 133 Drift Deposit 23 Duello in Brookvillc, A 537 Dunlapsville 530 £ Eagles, Fraternal Order of 251 Early Fairs .1 2M Early Territorial Settlers 39 Earthworks, Ancient 20 Eastern Star, Order of the 341 Edinburg 520 Educational History of County ..119, 151. 370 Educational System of Indiana 61 Election of 1816 English Claims to Territory 34 Enoch burg ..167. 453 Explorations, First 23 F Fairfield — Business Interests 163 Churches —440, 448, 459 Doctors ._ 162, 269 Fires 162 Platted 161, 530 Fairfield Township — Area . 351 Fraternal Societies 338 Free and Accepted Masons 338 Ml French and Indian War 35 French Claims to Territory 34 French Settlements 34 G Geology 63 /German Methodist Church 434 Glacial Drifts 64 Government, Territorial 40. Unfortunately, the first records of the county are missing and there is no way of telling what the limits of the first townships were, although it seems certain that Brookville. There is no way of know ing how many people lived in Franklin county when it was organized on February 1. It is fair to presume that there were at least five thousand people in the county: the census of 18 15 credited the county with 7.370 people and a voting population of 1.430. The voters of Franklin county exercised their rights of franchise for the first time in the state of Indiana, August 5, 1816. In the spring of 18 1 7 four of Brookville's lawyers got tangled up in a series of arguments, which finally brought them before the bar of justice. Eggleston were the first pugnacious couple to stage an encounter. It is impossible to write history without records, and the absence of the early records of Franklin county necessarily left a gap which had to be filled from traditional accounts. CHAPTER XXII— FRANKLIN COUNTY MEN AND WOMEN WHO HAVE BECOME FAMOUS 555 Men Prominent in Politics and Public Life — Judges of the Supreme Bench Military Men — J. Reminiscences of 547 Brookville — Assessor's Returns. Brookville — Library 224 Lighting System 216 Location lfl3 Lodges 338 Mills 201 Municipal Affairs 214 Name 153 Newspapers 482 Officers 216 Paper-making 206 Physicians 269 Planing Mills 203 Platting of -193. First 83 Commissioners' Court 233 y Google HISTORICAL INDEX. 473 Conventions, Constitutional 52, 84 Coroners 242 Corydon, the State Capitol 54 Cost of Roads 246 Counties in 1799 43 Counties, Organization of 51 County Assessors County Auditors 23£ County Commissioners 239 County Commissioners, First 82 County Military History 275 County Office Buildings 108 County Officials 238 County Recorders 239 County Seat 29 County Treasurers 238 Court House History 102 Courts of Franklin County 232 Court Procedure, Changes in 82 D Darlington 529 Daughters of Rebekah _ 344 Defunct Towns 531 Delegates to Congress, Territorial. The organization of the various town- ships of the county is given in detail in the separate chapter dealing with the townships. Not all of their lashings were inflicted by their tongues, since it appears from the court records that their fists were frequently called into action. 1192 Barber, Lewis 1206 Barber, Simeon 1254 Barber, William IL 1330 Bates, John 1384 Beckman, John t Ah Beckman, John IL 815. 978 Bossert, Abraham 1132 Bossert, Jacob 1125 Bossert, Jacob EL 896 Bossert, William 1106 Brack, Christian 1417 Brack, Conrad 1376 Brack, Lewis 1311 Bracken, William LL 569 Bradburn, Pleasant H. ZZl Brandes, Anthony 1240 ^Brauchla, Charles S 1421 Brickner, John 1389 Bridgman, Isaac M. Bricks are made on the uplands of the fine-grained yellow and whitish clay of first rate quality. 1305 Biere, William H- 1433 Bishop, John H- 588 Bleill, Joseph 851 Boh lander, Charles C 1030 Bonwell, William H. But careful research has proven the mistaken notion and no lead exists in the countv. In every part of the county, says the geologist, clay of a good quality is found for brick-making. CHAPTER XIX— NEWSPAPERS OF FRANKLIN COUNTY Incomplete Files a Handicap in Writing Local History — The First Papers and Thu^e W hich Have Served the People During the Subsequent Years — The Monthly Visitor — Sporadic Sheets of Brookville — Newspapers at Laurel — Andersonville — Oldenburg. Honecker on the Birds of the County — Birds as Man's Allies — Slaughter of the Innocents — Universality of Bird Life — Egg Peculiarities — Building the Home — The Periodic Exodus — Contents of Bird Stomachs — Franklin County's Feathered Tnhe.s, CHAPTER XXT-SIDELIGHTS ON FRANKLIN COUNTY HISTORY 529 Towns and Villages — Some Defunct Towns — Baltimore, n Paper Town — Slavery in Franklin County — The Franklin County Oil Fever— A Duello in Brookville — The story of Samuel Fields — Prices Then and Now — Early Mills of Franklin County — Indian Stories — Reminiscences by Mrs. Killing of 222 Klemme's Corner 155 Knights of Columbus 4o£i Knights of Pythias _ i Ati Knights of St. The erection of Union county by the legislative act of January 5. took off a tract nine miles wide lying be- tween the Ohio line and Fayette county.